Commodus’ reign, who was Emperor of Rome for two decades until his death in 180, wasn’t easy: wars with the Parthian Empire, the menace of the barbarian tribes in the northern border of the empire, and the plague that left numerous dead.

A – Commodus’ reign, who was Emperor of Rome for two decades until his death in 180, was rife with difficulties: wars with the Parthian Empire, the menace of the barbarian tribes in the northern border of the empire, and the plague that left numerous dead.

B – The reign of Commodus, who was the Emperor of Rome for two decades until his death in 180, was rife with difficulties: wars with the Parthian Empire, the menace of the barbarian tribes in the northern border of the empire, and the plague that left numerous dead.

C – The reign of Commodus, who was Emperor of Rome for two decades until his death in 180, was rife with difficulties: wars with the Parthian Empire, the barbarian tribes menacing the northern border of the empire, and the dying of numerous because of the plague. 

D – Commodus’ reign, who was Emperor of Rome for two decades until his death in 180, was rife with difficulties: wars with the Parthian Empire, the barbarian tribes menacing the Empire on the northern border, and the dying of numerous because of the plague. 

E – Commodus, the Emperor of Rome for two decades until his death in 180, was rife with difficulties during his reign: facing wars with the Parthian Empire, the menace of the barbarian tribes in the northern border of the empire and the plague that left numerous dead.

Right Answer: B

Error Identification

IdentifierError Type
Wars… menace… plagueParallelism
Commodus’ reign vs The reign…Modifier
: facingMiscellaneous / Sentence Construction 


Explanation: 

The primary identifier in this sentence is the modification ‘who was Emperor…’ and the parallel construction ‘wars… the menace…the plague’. 

A – ‘who was Emperor’ incorrectly modifies ‘reign’. 

B – This is the correct answer.

C – ‘the dying….’ is not parallel with the list. 

D – ‘who was Emperor’ incorrectly modifies ‘reign’; ‘the dying of…’ is not parallel with the list. 

E – “Marcus… was rife with difficulties…” changes the meaning of the sentence; his reign was rife with difficulties, not Marcus himself. “Facing wars…” breaks the construction of the sentence and cannot be used after the colon (:) making this a fragmented sentence. 

X

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