A series of fatal accidents on the roads near the metro station and commercial streets warrants the state’s immediate attention. A recent accident was the result of a damaged tire on the rough edge of the torn-up road surface. The resident near the metro station reported that a driver skidded on gravel the other morning, plowed through her fence, backed up, and drove off without a word.
In the preceding argument, the portion in boldface plays which of the following roles?
- It is a conclusion that must be proven in order for the argument to be valid.
- It is an assumption that provides some support for the author’s argument.
- It is a premise that has questionable validity in the context of the argument.
- It provides evidence to support the author’s conclusion.
- It provides evidence to refute the author’s conclusion.
Summary of the argument: The conclusion of the argument is that the government should take some immediate action to repair the road and the boldface provides evidence for the same.
- The boldface is not the conclusion of the argument. Hence eliminated.
- It is an evident but not the unstated evidence in the argument. Hence eliminated.
- It is not questioning the validity but supports the context. Hence eliminated.
- It is evidence to prove the worse condition of the roads. Hence, this is the right answer.
- It provides evidence to support the conclusion. Hence eliminated.