The GRE score calculation includes your total score in two parts — one is cumulative of your Quantitative, Verbal and Analytical Writing, the second is a percentile ranking. A percentile ranking gives you a clear understanding of your performance in comparison to candidates who have previously attempted the exam (most recently). 
In this article, we will discuss percentile ranking, the GRE score range for various tests — GRE General Test and GRE Subject Test and the scoring range of each section of the GRE General Test. 
GRE Score Range 
The GRE General Test is divided into three sections — Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning and Analytical Writing and the scoring range of each section are as follows: 

Sections  Score Range 
Quantitative Reasoning 130 to 170 (one point increments)
Verbal Reasoning 130 to 170 (one point increments)
Analytical Writing    0 to 6    ( half point increments)

As already mentioned above, the Quantitative Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning are scored on single point increments for every correct answer. Therefore, the final score is based on the number of correct responses given in the exam. As you are well aware, both the Quantitative and Verbal Reasoning sections are computer-adaptive, which means the level of difficulty of the next section depends upon your performance in the previous section. Therefore, you must keep in mind that your final score depends on how well you score in both the sections. All of the questions have equal significance towards your final GRE score.
The total GRE score calculation is done when your raw score is converted into a scaled score through a process called equating. The equating process ensures that any minor difference (with regards to the difficulty level) in different test editions due to the section wise adaptive nature of the exam is accounted for. 
On the other hand, the Analytical Writing section is scored in half point increments and has a total score of six points. The essay is first evaluated by an experienced and trained human rater.  They are trained analysts on ETS essay grading. A human rater assesses the essay on various parameters like the writing proficiency, clarity, ability to convey the message precisely, coherence, vocabulary, etc. After this assessment, the essay is once again graded by an e-rater, which is a computerized program developed by ETS. In the event that both scores match, an average of the scores becomes the final score. If there is a discrepancy between both the scores, the essay is once again graded by another human rater and the final score is the average of both scores given by the human raters. 
The GRE scores are valid for a period of five years and you are allowed to attempt the exam upto five times in a year with a 28 day window  between each attempt.
Percentile Ranking: 
Besides a total score, as mentioned above, there’s also a percentile score. This score reveals the percentage of GRE test-takers who have scored lower than you. A percentile ranking of 85% means 25% of candidates have scored better than you and you have scored better than 85% of the test takers.
GRE Subject Test Score Range
The GRE subject test scores are scored between 200 to 990 scale in ten point increments. There are six different subjects which come under the GRE subject test. 

  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Literature in English

Few of these subject scores — Psychology, Biology and Physics also have subscores between  20-99 score scale with one point increment. The total GRE score calculation is a combined score of all the subscores. The subscore for the biology section depends on the number of questions answered correctly for each content area whereas for Psychology and Physics, the subscore is dependent on the number of questions answered accurately in each content area as well as the entire test. The subscores assist in determining your strengths and weaknesses. These are subsequently used for placement and guidance purposes.
We trust that you have now understood how GRE scores are calculated for both the GRE Subject Test and GRE General test.

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