To solve the geometry questions in the GMAT exam, it’s essential you are thorough with the GMAT Math Geometry formulas as it makes solving questions faster and easier. Here is an article that covers all the essential geometry formulas you need to ace Geometry questions in the GMAT quant section.
So let’s take a look at this GMAT Math Geometry formulas list.
Geometry Questions
Geometry Solutions
Perimeter Formulas
Shape  Formula  Where, P = Perimeter and 
Square  P = 4s  s = sides 
Rectangle  P = 2l + 2w  l = length
w = width 
Parallelogram  P = 2l + 2w  l = length
w = width 
Trapezoid or Trapezium  P = s {1} + s {2} + b {1} + b {2}  s {1} and s {2} are two sides and b {1} and b {2} are the two bases of the figure. 
Triangle  P = s {1} + s {2} + b  s {1} and s {2} are two sides and b = base 
Rhombus  P = 4l  l = length 
Area Formulas
Shape  Formula  Where A = Area and 
Triangle  A = {1} / {2} times b times h  b = base h = vertical height 
Square  A = a ^ {2}  a = length of side 
Rectangle  A = w times h  w = width h = height 
Parallelogram  A = b times h  b = base h = vertical height 
Trapezoid or Trapezium  A = {1} / {2} (a + b) times h  a, b = length if two sides of the figure h = vertical height 
Circle  A = pi.r^{2}  r = radius 
Ellipse  A = pi.ab  a, b = longest and shortest radius of the figure 
Sector of a Circle  A = {1} / {2} r ^ {2} theta  r = radius theta = angle in radians 
Regular npolygon 
A = {1}/{4} times n times a^{2} times cot {pi}/{n}

n = number of sides a = length of the sides 
Surface Area Formulas
Shape  Formula  Where S = Surface Area and 
Rectangular Solid  S = 2lh + 2wh + 2wl  l = length h = height w = width 
Cube  S = 6s^{2}  s = sides of the cube 
Right Circular Cylinder  S = 2.pi times rh + 2.pi times r^{2}  h = vertical height of the cylinder r = radius of the base 
Sphere  S = 4.pi times r^{2}  r = radius 
Right Circular Cone  S = pi times r^{2} + pi.r times whole root of (r^{2} + h^{2})  h = vertical height r = radius of the base 
Torus  S = pi^{2} times (R^{2} – r^{2})  R = radius of the larger base r = radius of the smaller base 
Volume Formulas
Shape  Formula  Where V = Volume and 
Rectangular Solid  V = lwh  l = length h = height w = width 
Cube  V = s^{3}  s = sides of the cube 
Right Circular Cylinder  V = pi times r^{2}h  h = vertical height of the cylinder r = radius of the base 
Sphere  V = {4}/{3} times pi.r^{3}  r = radius 
Right Circular Cone  V = {1}/{3} pi.r^{2}h  h = vertical height r = radius of the base 
Square or Rectangular Pyramid  V = {1}/{3} lwh  l = length of the base h = vertical height w = width of the base (In case of square, both l and w will be equal) 
Circle
Circumference of a Circle
Circumference (C) = pi.d = 2 times pi.r
Where, d = Diameter and r = Radius
Area of a Circle
Area (A) = pi.r^{2}
Where, r = Radius
Pythagoras Theorem
The Pythagorean Theorem states that the area of the square built upon the hypotenuse of a right triangle is equal to the sum of the areas of the squares upon the remaining sides.
This implies that in the above Triangle, a and b are the lengths of the two legs of the triangle and c is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle.
a^2 + b^2 = c^2
For any math or quantitative aptitude problem, formulas are those fundamentals that help you to think and solve them with ease. Hence, memorizing these GMAT math geometry formulas thoroughly helps solve easy or even difficult problems faster.
Now that you know these GMAT math Geometry formulas, you’re better positioned to apply these formulas to the various Geometry questions that appear in your practice or mock tests and of course the actual exam.
Talk to an expert?