During your school or college life, you must have come across the term CGPA a lot of times. But have you ever wondered what CGPA is? Most b-schools, as well as colleges, nowadays follow this globally recognized evaluation system to evaluate the performance of students. Besides, when you apply to a b-school, the admission committees compare your CGPA along with your GMAT or GRE scores with the scores of other applicants to check how competitive your profile is. 

Hence, if you are someone who is planning to pursue an MBA, it is really important to know what CGPA is. In this article, we’ve explained all about CGPA, its full form, the ways to calculate it, and more. 

What is CGPA Full Form?

CGPA, sometimes referred to as GPA, refers to the cumulative grade point average. The cumulative grade point average is the total sum of all your credit points. The CGPA system is one of the most common academic evaluation methods. The system is mostly used in schools and colleges to assess the academic performance of students. However, the criteria for the evaluation may vary from country to country. Besides, if you are planning to pursue an MBA, a good CGPA can create a positive impact on your profile during admissions. Hence, it is important to know the CGPA meaning of, and have an idea of how CGPA is calculated. 

How is CGPA Calculated?

The majority of universities in the US, and other countries abroad use a 4 point CGPA scale system. The point-scale ranges from 0-4 in this system, 4 being the highest point you can achieve. On the other hand, Indian universities and colleges generally use a percentage grading system or use a 10 point scale. In most cases, the CGPA is calculated by dividing the total grade points you’ve got with the overall credit value of courses. You can also calculate the percentage from a given CGPA. For that, you have to multiply the CGPA value by 9.5. For example, if the CGPA is 9, then the percentage will be 9 ✕ 9.5 = 85.5. Achieving a good CGPA score means you’ll get an advantage during the admission process to pursue higher studies in India or abroad. 

Most colleges in the world accept a 10 point scale CGPA system. However, some may ask you to convert it on a 4 point scale. Given below is a table that’ll help you get a rough estimate of what your GPA will be under the 4 point GPA scale. 

US GradeGrade Point Equivalent (10 point scale)Grade Point equivalent (4 point scale)
B+7.5 – 7.93.33
B7.0 – 7.43
C+6.5 – 6.92.67
D+5.5 – 5.92
D5.0 – 5.41.67
F<5.00 – 1.3

As mentioned above, when you apply for a course abroad, some colleges may ask you to convert your score to the scale that is followed by that specific college. A lot of official service organizations such as the National Association of Credential Evaluation Services (NACES), WES (World Education Services), etc., help you with that. 

We hope to have answered the question — what is the meaning of CGPA? CGPA is not the only factor that decides your admission in colleges and universities for your higher education. However, having a good grade can definitely give your profile a competitive edge. 


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